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Phases of the Moon

Phases of the Moon
Messiness: Low
Age Range: 2y - 9y
Estimated Time: <30 mins

Activity Designer

Jami Milton
20 Projects
Learn about why the moon appears to change shape as it rotates around the Earth.

What You'll Need

  • string (to hang the ball with)

How We Did It

Phases of the Moon

Attach your ball to a stick using a string. The ball will represent the moon; the person holding the ball will be the Earth. It will be from the Earth's perspective that you will see the phases of the moon change.

Phases of the Moon

Shine a light on the moon (the ball). This light represents the sun. You can use a strong flashlight or a lamp (just take the lampshade off to make it brighter).

Phases of the Moon
Turn off the lights, and - keeping the light shining on your moon - have the person holding the ball slowly start to rotate. You will see the ball begin to light up more.
Phases of the Moon
As you continue to rotate, you'll see the moon get larger and larger (this is called "waxing"), increasing to a Quarter Moon and then a Full Moon.
Phases of the Moon
Then the moon will shrink as you rotate back around to the light (sun), until you are facing directly into the sun and the moon is completely dark. This is called a New Moon.


moon space earth


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